Training and Certification Competence of EAFM to Support Sustainable Fisheries Management in FMA 715
One of the approaches for sustainable fisheries management is the EAFM (Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management). An EAFM tries to balance various social objectives with biological and economic objectives, by paying attention to knowledge and uncertainties in biotic, abiotic and human components of the ecosystem. MDPI joined the EAFM training conducted by WWF from 23-27 September 2018 in Santika Hotel Ambon. The training was also attended by 23 participants from various stakeholder and institutions under 715 FMA, including WCS, Coral Triangle Centre, USAID SEA, the various DKP and a number of universities from the 715 area. Toward this activity, hopefully all participants can increase their knowledge on the cycle of fisheries management based on EAFM indicators and monitoring method, implementation and evaluation.
During the training, we were informed of the six domains of EAFM. The first domain is fish resources, with six indicators in this domain: CPUE (catch per unit effort), fish size trend, juvenile proportion, catch composition, range collapse and ETP species. The next is about domain habitat and marine ecosystem, again with six indicators: water quality, sea grass, mangrove, coral reef, unique/specific habitat and climate change. The fishing technique domain has six indicators: destructive/illegal fishing, modification on fishing gear, fishing capacity, selectivity of fishing gear, compatibility of function and vessel document and crew certification. The economic domain has three indicators; household income, asset ownership and saving ratio. The governance domain has six indicators; compliance to the sustainable fisheries principle, decision mechanisms, the synergy of policy, compliance of rule play, fisheries management plan and stakeholder capacity. The last was social domain with three indicators; stakeholder participation, fishery conflict and local wisdom in fisheries management. Each domain introduction was followed by a working group to fill all indicator in an EAFM matrix and also discussed the recommendation and action plan to improve the status.
The last day training was examination of certification competence by assessor from Lembaga Sertifikasi Kelautan dan Perikanan (LSP-KP). In addition, the participants were asked to collect supporting documents from each improvement activity. The assessors also announced that all participants are eligible and competence as EAFM implementer and evaluator. Now by having certification letter and high spirit, all participants are ready to back and do collaborative action for the sustainable fisheries in 715 FMA.
Written by Putra Satria Timur