Focus Group Discussion: Identifying a path to compliance – Vessel and FAD registration for Small-Scale fishers in Indonesia
MDPI hosted a Focus Discussion Group meeting in Bogor in late March to address issues on vessel and Fish Aggregating Device (FAD) registration. FADs are ubiquitous in Indonesian tuna fisheries and concerns exist on their unregulated use, as this may be partly to blame for the overexploitation of this resource. We also see a relatively small number of small-scale vessels being registered, making it difficult to estimate the real numbers of vessels active in the various fisheries. One of the first steps in managing fisheries is understanding what is being managed, so having information on the stock, on the numbers of vessels and gears active and then using this information to make management decisions. For FADs it is important to know how many and where they are, as well as to document the species composition and size of the animals caught at FADs. In working in many provinces to support small-scale fishers to move towards compliance, MDPI has identified that it is often difficult for them to register FADs and vessels, and this meeting aimed to clarify the discrepancies in regulations and jurisdiction between central (KKP) and provincial (DKP) governments and to make some suggestions for next steps to make the process easier for the future.
The meeting was attended by members of Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan, DKP, from five provinces (NTB, NTT, Maluku, Maluku Utara and Sulawesi Utara), Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan, KKP, (Pusriskan, DG Capture Fisheries, DG Monitoring and Surveillance, PUSDATIN industry/supply chain actors (middleman and a fisher) and the Nature Conservancy, (TNC). After lively discussions about the problems and clear identification of barriers to compliance, DG the group together came up with a work plan for the coming year, to try resolving various ambiguities in regulations, mainly because of different interpretations, to help fishers have a smoother process when registering FADs and vessels. Issues to be addressed included the deployment of FADs by artisanal fishers within and beyond 12 nautical miles from the coast, issues with regulation PERMEN KP26/2014 that has some inconsistencies with more recent legislation, and the legal status of vessels smaller than 10GT. This work plan also aims to contribute to the development of a FAD Management Plan for Indonesia, which should be completed towards the end of 2017.
Writer: Guillermo Moreno