Diskusi Santai tentang Perikanan Berkelanjutan in Four Sites
In 2016, MDPI held a series of informal meetings with local fisheries stakeholders to share the latest information on provincial fisheries, to gather stakeholder issues related to the fishery and to enhance the role of local fisheries stakeholders to encourage sustainable fishing practices. This meeting was convened in four MDPI sites: Lombok Timur (NTB), Bone (Sulawesi), Kupang (NTT) and Sorong (West Papua). Each meeting was opened with a presentation with updates from MDPI programs. Here is the brief description of the activity in each site.
This meeting was held on June 21 and there were 11 participants: Satuan Kerja PSDKP, Fishery Port enumerators and staff, tuna supplier UD. Riski Bersama and handline tuna fishermen. There was a session on fish identification, with the aim of figuring out if naming conventions are consistent, especially important when enumerators are asking questions at the dock. There were some different opinions about juvenile yellowfin tuna and some of the participants misidentified it as skipjack. Some participants also thought that a juvenile big eye tuna was a juvenile yellowfin tuna. After discussion and looking through the reference book of tuna identification, the stakeholders finally knew well the species of target fish and bycatch.
From this meeting, we also discovered that there are many perspectives about bycatch and the meaning of the term (tangkapan sampingan). Suppliers think that bycatch is fish that is not sold to the supplier (retained by the fishers for their own consumption). PSDKP staff said that the tuna handline fishing gear has no bycatch, because handline is used to catch pelagic fish in general. TPI staff said that all fish are target fish, all have value and there is no need to label them as bycatch. MDPI then explained it from the perspective of gears, which usually have a target species and that basically any catch other than the target is bycatch. This then encompasses other retained catch, as well as catch which is released at sea such as accidentally caught Endangered, Threatened and Protected (ETPs) species. Fishermen added that actually they want to target the tuna, so it is clear now that fish other that tuna are bycatch. All participants are committed to support sustainable fisheries and will continue to support data collection and catch information.
The meeting was conducted on August 11 and there were 11 participants from PPI Oeba, PSDKP, PT. Carlie Era Pranata, UD. Tunas Harapan and UD. BM. The discussion covered FAD issues in Kupang, where stakeholders claimed that there are thousands of FADs, but when the surveillance officers checked the sea, they only found three FADs. In this meeting, each participant also gave their own perspective about fisheries sustainability and the importance of data to achieve fisheries sustainability. All participants agreed to support sustainable fisheries by continuing to be involved in sharing the data and catch information.
The meeting was held on August 24 and there were 11 participants: Kabid Penangkapan DKP Bone, PSDKP, TPI Lonrae staff, Fishing Port Lonrae staff, fishermen and tuna supplier. This meeting placed emphasis on defining what sustainable fisheries are, from the perspective of stakeholders. The conclusion is that sustainable fisheries are “Pengelolaan perikanan yang terencana dengan pelibatan seluruh pelaku perikanan untuk mencapai hasil yang maksimal dengan memperhatikan pelestarian sumberdaya dengan menggunakan alat tangkap ramah lingkungan.” (Well-planned fisheries management with the involvement of all fisheries stakeholders to achieve maximum result with attention to conserving resources by using environment-friendly fishing gear).
The meeting in Sorong was conducted in Sekolah Usaha Perikanan Menengah Kota Sorong in October 6, and there were 11 participants from PPP Sorong, SUPM Sorong, PSDKP, Politeknik Kelautan Perikanan Sorong, DKP Kabupaten Sorong, DKP Kota Sorong, Pole and Line fishermen and Koperasi PT. RAS. The meeting was discussed about various issues: vessel license, fishermen problem with the surveillance officer, and MSC (Marine Stewardship Council) requirement. The participants were keen to understand the requirements for MSC certification and are willing to give their support to such initiatives.
These meetings revealed certain areas where capacity building and support is needed amongst fisheries stakeholders. MDPI will follow up from these meetings and conduct more events in 2017. MDPI hopes that this simple activity is useful as communication media for all stakeholders and to keep increasing their roles in supporting fisheries sustainability.