MDPI interns Yuan Ratmilya Lena and Novri Elizabeth Nomleni shared their story…
We are studying Water Resources Management in Universitas Nusa Cendana Kupang, Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT). One of the compulsory subjects in university is to attend a Praktek Kerja Lapangan (PKL, field work practice). I did my PKL in MDPI site in PPI Oeba Fishing Port, focusing on data collection of from yellowfin tuna fisheries activities.
The purpose of the PKL experience is to give the student a work experience before entering the real work world, to increase knowledge and to compare the theories learned during the lecture with the reality in the field so that the student will have a more comprehensive idea about a particular topic.
During the first week of my PKL, MDPI field team gave me a training about the process of the data collection, fish identification, port sampling forms and the I-Fish platform.
During my internship, I helped the Sustainability Facilitator of MDPI conduct the data collection using the following workflow:
- Check the unloading of handline tuna vessels
- Prepare the port sampling tools: pen, caliper, sampling form, measurement board, fish identification booklet, ETP (Endangered, Threatened and Protected) Species identification booklet, gloves, and boots.
- Conduct port sampling of fishermen’s catch with a target of sampling at least 20% of the total vessels unloading per month. The data collection process follows the steps in the I-Fish data collection protocol, available from the I-Fish website.
- Complete and note the total catch production from suppliers or obtain from company based on the determined code quality.
- The collected data will be inputted to an excel template and will be checked by the staff or supervisor to make sure the data is valid.
- The data then will be uploaded into the I-Fish database
We also helped the Communication and Development team, Indah and Nuri, to hold a short lecture on Fisheries Sustainability in SUPM (Sekolah Usaha Perikanan Menengah) and Politeknik Kelautan dan Perikanan (Poltek KP) Kupang. At this event, 40 students from SUPM and 36 students from Poltek KP attended, as well as four lecturers/teachers. The director of Politeknik Kelautan dan Perikanan Kupang, Pak Suseno, gave a short speech to open the activity. The presentations covered topics such as MDPI’s work, the I-Fish system, examples of data collected by MDPI, fisheries sustainability and Regional Fisheries Management Organisations (RFMOs). The discussion was closed with quizzes for the participants and those who gave the correct answers got the spot prize provided by MDPI. We are so delighted to see the enthusiasm of the participants! We also supported with the screening of a movie about the ocean ecosystem and ETP species in the port, which was attended by 30 people, mainly children.
Short Lecture participants in Kupang. Photo credit: Indah Rufiati/MDPI
Movie Night at Oeba Port, Kupang. Photo credit: Indah Rufiati/MDPI
We enjoyed our experience with MDPI in the field, seeing the true conditions of data collection and community engagement. We are grateful to MDPI for providing us with this opportunity. We believe that our experience will be very helpful in the future.
Writers: Yuan Ratmilya Lena and Novri Elizabeth Nomleni
Co-management in Tolitoli: First Step towards Sustainable Fishery through Active Participation of Stakeholders
MDPI facilitated a meeting in Hotel Bumi Harapan, Tolitoli, Central Sulawesi on March 1st. The agenda was to introduce the co-management concept as one of the steps towards collaborative fisheries resource management. The meeting was attended by government representatives: Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Tolitoli Regency, Balai Karantina Ikan Tolitoli Regency, Dinas Perhubungan Tolitoli Regency, BAPPEDA (Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah) Tolitoli, PSDKP (Pengawasan Sumber Daya Kelautan dan Perikanan), the Head of District from North Tolitoli, Dakopamean and Ogotua; Universitas Madako, Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan Negri 1 Galang and representatives from industry: PT. Tritoba Samudra Indonesia CV. Mina Jaya Bahari, fishermen and suppliers.
The meeting was opened by the Head of DKP Tolitoli Regency, Ir. Gusman. He explained the enormous fisheries potential of Toli-toli Regency with 454 km coastline and 103 tons of tuna production in 2018. He also informed us that the lack of data availability creates challenges in the development of fishery infrastructure in Tolitoli Regency. He expected that through this collaboration, there will be transparency of data both from the government and the industry.
The next session was a presentation by Pak Saut Tampubolon from MDPI. He emphasized that one of the elements to be fulfilled in co-management is the data availability from all stakeholders. Lack of data will hinder good fisheries management development and poor data will generate uncertainties. For that reason we need good data in order to get a good and informative analysis for the fisheries management. At the end of his session, Pak Saut reminded us not to focus only on terrestrial development, but also to make the sea a priority.
Hendri and Wildan from MDPI also explained about the progress of MDPI activities in Tolitoli, including the assistance for establishing Fair Trade Fisher Associations and handline tuna data collection, small-scale (1 – 3 GT) vessel registration, the amount of Fair Trade premium fund received by the community, etc.
The final sessions were Discussion and Question & Answer. Stakeholders were very enthusiastic about the progress of Fair Trade in Salumpaga Village and wanted to adopt it to other fishing villages. All of the stakeholders agreed to have another meeting as a follow-up towards the existence of co-management in Tolitoli.
Writer: Putra Satria Timur
In April, with the support from USAID Sustainable Ecosystems Advanced (USAID SEA) Project, MDPI officially launched the Fair Trade program for yellowfin tuna in Mandioli Island, South Halmahera Regency, Maluku Utara Province. To start the program, two Fair Trade Fisher Associations were formed in in Lele Village involving 25 fishers, followed by 13 fishers from Bahu Village.
MDPI is an experienced Fair Trade implementer that has successfully implemented the world’s first Fair Trade USA seafood certification in Maluku in 2014 in collaboration with Coral Triangle Processors — a processor and also exporter of yellowfin tuna, the client/certificate holder.
Fair Trade certification is a six-year process, with continuous improvements and third party audits required on an annual basis. The world’s first Fair Trade certified seafood, Maluku yellowfin tuna, is now available in >1000 Safeway and Hy-Vee stores as well as in a number of well-known restaurants across the U.S, recognizable with the Fair Trade USA logo.
Fair Trade empowers people to make choices for the good of themselves and their community. By choosing Fair Trade certified seafood, consumers realize that they make a conscious and ethical purchase by supporting small-scale fishermen through the incentive called Fair Trade Premium Fund, a proportion of the sales returned to the community. The Fair Trade Premium Fund is given to the Fishers Association and can be used for community development projects, such as building public restroom, improving mosque facility, and road infrastructure. 30% of Fair Trade Premium Fund must be allocated for environmental projects such as trash bin development or sea turtle nursery project.
The new Fair Trade Fishers Association in Lele Village, North Maluku. Photo credit: Indah Rufiati/MDPI
Writer: Indah Rufiati
Following the Data Management Committee (DMC) meeting in Manado, a meeting focused on enhancing industry data was held on December 8, 2017.
Ibu Riana from Direktorat Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Ikan (PSDI) opened the meeting with a presentation on ‘Logbook and Observer Data Collection in Support of Sustainable Fisheries.’ She emphasized that collaborative management requires that all stakeholders collect fisheries information in order to create better fisheries management. She discussed the legal basis for using logbooks and the issues associated with logbooks including compliance, incomplete data, difficulty filling them out, and more. There are plans to redesign the logbook system, especially with regards to the e-logbook system. Finally, Ibu Riana presented on the observer program, with updates on national numbers.
An active discussion about logbooks followed her presentation, including those companies that are able to comply and others that find it difficult to implement logbooks, especially with small-scale vessels in remote areas. A recommendation to have Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan (DKP) review logbook implementation with fishermen was suggested.
Allison from MDPI presented about eco-certifications, specifically the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC). She outlined the three main principles behind the MSC certification, along with the 28 indicators of fishery performance. Until now, no capture fisheries in Indonesia have the MSC certificate, but lots of work is being done to achieve it. Reaching MSC is one way to help ensure that fisheries are sustainable. Heri from Asosiasi Perikanan Pole & Line dan Handline Indonesia (AP2HI) gave a follow-up presentation that went into greater detail about the preparation for MSC certification, highlighting the need for members to comply to effective management measures.
Finally, MDPI’s Stephani Mangunsong presented about the new Seafood Import Monitoring Program (SIMP) in the United states and how this might affect Indonesia’s exports to the US. Monitoring tuna imports is one of the priorities of SIMP, though the regulation applies to all seafood species entering the US. All fish entering the US as of January 1, 2018 must participate in the program, submitting data about fishing activities, vessel identification, fishing gear, fish species, landing data and catch area.
There was a positive and enthusiastic response from the suppliers that attended the meeting, with one emphasizing that fishermen and suppliers need to participate in data collection. The supplier said that the important thing is to be proactive, and if there is a need for data, it will be given.
Writer: Allison Stocks
In January 2018, NGOs and industry members gathered together in Bali to continue working towards a more cohesive approach to sharing fisheries data with the Indonesian government. Twenty-two people from thirteen different organizations participated in the meeting.
This collaboration was initiated in August 2017, and there has been significant progress in advancing the goal of a coordinated approach to fisheries data collection and sharing. Momo from MDPI updated the group on the work that had been done so far, along with the goals of the initiative. Pak Lutfi from MDPI updated the participants on the progress and developments in the online data portal system. Feedback was given on the system and the overall initiative, and participants committed to concrete steps to move the initiative forward.
Three working groups were formed: Government Coordination, Technical Development, and Administration. These working groups will help advance specific aspects of the NGO alignment group, like introducing the concept to some government departments and gathering input on the system.
The working groups will continue to work towards their goals and the next meeting of the group will be in six months or so. It is a very exciting initiative and we are looking forward to the impacts it might have for Indonesian fisheries management in the future. Sustainable fisheries are the ultimate goal!
Writer: Allison Stocks
MDPI field team in Pulau Bisa, North Maluku Province, celebrated World Fisheries Day on November 21st, 2017 by conducting several events: coloring competition, rowing boat competition and beach clean-up.
The competition was conducted in the elementary school Sekolah Dasar Negeri (SDN) 41 South Halmahera and was attended by 47 students. Prior to the coloring session, MDPI staff presented videos and information about Endangered Threatened and Protected (ETP) species such as sea turtles, whales and dolphins with additional information on tuna, mangrove forests and coral reefs shared. The students were enthusiastic and some of them also shared their experience of seeing sea animals. The completed drawings were rated by the teachers, headmaster and MDPI staff, with the top five drawings receiving a prize provided by MDPI.
Rowing boat competition and beach clean-up
MDPI invited the village government, high school students, medical team of the community health center (Pusat Kesehatan Masyarakat/PUSKESMAS) and people in the fishing community to join the rowing boat competition. There were 33 participants in this competition that were divided into six groups. Each group was equipped with a life jacket for safety. To close the rowing boat competition, all participants, MDPI and people in the fishing community helped in a beach clean-up and collected a total of 376.4 kg garbage.
MDPI would like to thank all people who are supported our activities in Pulau Bisa. Hopefully the community will continue the effort to keep the beach clean.
The regular Data Management Committee (DMC) meeting was convened in December 7, 2017 in Hotel Sintesa Peninsula, Manado. This meeting was attended by the members of DMC: representatives of provincial government, national government, industry, fishermen, NGOs and university.
In the first session, Ibu Inneke Adam (DMC secretary) presented the DMC accomplishments from the past six months. The accomplishments include: DMC Decree (Surat Keputusan) already issued by the governor and the establishment of the DMC secretariat in Tumumpa Fishing Port in Manado as the DMC coordination place.
Pak Ronald Sorongan (head of Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan (DKP) North Sulawesi Province) gave the overview on how the meeting will be conducted. He hoped that the data collection activity, the collaboration among stakeholders and regular meetings on the issues found in the field will result in a recommendation for local policy Peraturan Daerah (PERDA) or Peraturan Gubernur (PERGUB).
In the next session Riza (MDPI staff in Sulawesi Utara Province) delivered a presentation on the data collection activity in North Sulawesi. He informed about the big picture of MDPI activities in North Sulawesi Province and the result of data collection from January to November 2017. Participants were that MDPI recently expanded the sites to Manado and Tahuna with the support of USAID OCEANS for data collection and vessel registration.
Pak Johny Budiman (Universitas Sam Ratulangi (UNSRAT)) presented about the data that had been collected from September to December 2017. Data was collected on fish length, fishing effort and catch share in the fishing effort.
The following issues were discussed during the meeting:
- How to expand the data collection activity in more areas so it can represent the population
- Fishermen issues on the complicated process of obtaining a vessel permit
- What substitute can be used for stones, which fishermen attach to the bait for tuna fishing. There is a worry that if the use of stones is continued, it may have a negative effect on the environment
Ibu Riana (Direktorat Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Ikan (PSDI) Kementerian Perikanan dan Kelautan (KKP)) shared the latest information on tuna catch allowances. She informed the participants that Indonesia is allowed to increase the quota of purse seine and longline in Pacific Ocean in order to optimize the use of the available natural resources.
To wrap up, Pak Saut (MDPI) gave some guidance and ideas on the future of the DMC, in terms of funding and the targets to be accomplished. Hopefully the DMC will become a regular event for all fisheries stakeholders in North Sulawesi.
Writer. A. Riza Baroqi
The Fisheries Improvement Team conducted a data validation meeting in Manado, from 9 – 12 December, to ensure high quality data is entered in to the I-Fish database. This activity is conducted every six months and this time the meeting was attended by Pak Saut, Wildan, Allison, Timur, Juhrin, Karel, Riza and Huda.
The activity began with a short presentation from each participant to update on the current situation and the achievements in the last six months in each region. This was followed by a session of data validation. Participants were divided into three groups to check the data one-by-one from June-November. From this check, a summary was produced for each location, detailing the port sampling coverage percentage, and information on baitfish, bycatch, main target fish and ETP (Endangered, Threatened or Protected) species. Based on the data checking and summaries, the port sampling activities are sampling more than 20% of the total fishing effort in each location, which is in accordance with the port sampling protocol.
This data validation meeting included information sharing sessions by Pak Saut and Allison, updating the participants knowledge about fisheries management, harvest strategy and the basics of stock assessment. In conducting this activity, the Fishery Improvement Team will keep updated on fisheries management concepts and have a good understanding of the data requirements for fish stock assessments. It was a successful meeting, with participants getting more detailed information on activities across MDPI sites and within the bigger picture of MDPI, and the recommendations from the data validation will be included in the data collection and I-Fish process.
Fish quality issues, especially at certain times of year, is prevalent across Indonesia. Poorly handled fish and high levels of histamine become the main cause of the fish quality decline. This condition has affected the fishers’ income because buyers refuse to accept lower quality fish or if they accept it, they will buy it atvery low price. In an effort to improve fish handling skills amongst small-scale handline fishers in Parigi village, North Seram, Maluku, on October 13th, MDPI under the USAID Sustainable Ecosystems Advanced (USAID SEA) Project, conducted a training of on-board fish handling attended by 44 fishers.
Staff from PT. Harta Samudera Ambon, Cindy J. Hiso and Wilson Taihuttu explained the importance of maintaining the cleanliness and the frozen chain/cold chain in the fish handling process to maintain the fish quality. The main causes of food safety hazard, they further explained, are raw material contaminants; raw material bad handling; sanitation, hygiene, health and personal skill; equipment suitability, and processing method. Poor fish handling will have high potential for Salmonella and high histamine levels.
A session on histamine testing was presented by Hanna from Bali Seafood International Laboratory (BASIL). Information about histamine and its causes is important for fishers to better understand that high levels of histamine in fish can cause bad impact to health, from skin itching to food poisoning. Five fish catch from the Parigi fishers were used as samples for histamine testing during the training. Through a quantitative trial, the histamine level identified on site was between 5.8 to 11.9 ppm (parts per million), which means that the fish tested was safe for consumption. This indicates that that potentially the fish is safe when it reaches land. However histamine issues may be occurring as fish comes into the supply chain to last processing and export.
Through this training, it I expected that fishers will understand and hone skills on good fish handling practices; that all handling areas are well maintained and clean at all times (on-board and in supplier); and that the maintenance of the cold chain is highly important.
“I am relieved to hear that our fish was proven safe for consumption through the histamine testing. When fish was observed during the training, the quality was excellent with grade A or AA. Potentially, fish quality issues occur only at the supplier level. In other words, the fishers have already been well-informed and have done their parts to maintain high quality fish,” says Alwiya Kaledupa, a member of Fair Trade Fishers Association
Furthermore, he hopes that an adequate and reliable source of ice can be maintained in Parigi to support the quality and handling approaches.
Writer: Wahyu Teguh Prawira
Fair Trade USA is different from other seafood certifications. It is not only focused on the sustainability of the resource but also supports improvements socially in the community and the supply chain. The Fair Trade USA standard considers the stakeholder relationships; the effects of fishing activity on the environment; the method of fishing; the recording of fish catches; product traceability; the factory and its workers, social standards, safety in the workplace and more.
On October 1, MDPI under the USAID Indonesian Sustainable Ecosystems Advanced (SEA) Project (USAID SEA Project) conducted Safety at Sea (SAS) & First Aid Training for Fair Trade fishermen in Pulau Bisa, Halmahera Selatan Regency, North Maluku Province. The training was held to comply with one of the Fair Trade certification compliance criteria related to ‘Occupational Health & Safety Standard’ section of the Capture Fisheries Standard. Seventy Fair Trade fishermen from 4 Fishers Association (FA) attended the training that was conducted in collaboration with the National Search and Rescue team (BASARNAS) Ternate.
The Head of Madapolo Tengah Village, Pak Hamka appreciated this activity. He emphasized the importance of safety at sea. He encouraged all fishermen to have a phone and keep it dry because now there is signal in the village so that they can keep the communication if there is a bad situation while at sea. He asked the fishermen to pay attention and to learn seriously about the safety at sea that will be presented by BASARNAS. He also told fishermen to fish “in adequate amount/not too much/enough for life”. He mentioned the importance of ETP (Endangered, Threatened & Protected) species to the ecosystem as well. He also said that fishermen must know that there are animals that are prohibited to be caught. If ETP species were human, they would say “Please don’t catch me…”
The next session was the main trainings, delivered by BASARNAS Ternate team, Pak Fahari and his team: Pak Husen and Pak Rudin. They informed us that BASARNAS Ternate was established since 2012. In the near future, they have a plan to open another post in Bacan as well.
Pak Rudin presented materials about First Aid, self-protection tool, emergency transfer technic and how to do Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). Next, Pak Husen presented about the sea survival technique, which means how to defend ourselves at the sea when there was no one else. First, what must have is the spirit to stay alive, self-readiness and the availability of the supporting tools. He stated that life vest is one of the important tools for sea survival, that’s why fishermen are encouraged to always bring it when fishing. The third topic was sea navigation by Pak Fahri that taught about mapping skill and navigation to make sure they can go home safely.
After SAS Training, it was a time to distribute certificates, life vest, first-aid boxes and Search & Rescue books to the participants. Pak Hairun as the head of Fair Trade Committee (FTC) of Pulau Bisa expressed his gratitude that the fishermen got a chance to be one of the USAID SEA Project sites with MDPI assistance. He asked the fellow fishermen to keep the environment for future generation so that their grandchildren will still be able to enjoy seafood. Pak Asril as a representative from USAID SEA emphasized about the importance of not littering while at sea because it will be dangerous for the environment and also for fishermen themselves, for example the plastic that was thrown into the sea can get stuck in the vessel propeller and cause an accident. The representative of the Obi Utara District, Pak Hamid, continued to deliver a greeting and he said that this was the first SAS training conducted in this village and he hope that the similar training will be conducted in other villages too.
Pak Asril as the representative of USAID SEA Project. Photo credit: MDPI
The next agenda was additional trainings for fishermen: Data Collection Introduction from Amrollah and Rahman (MDPI); ETP Species Awareness from Rahman (MDPI); Fish Handling Training from Ibu Mega (PT. Blue Ocean Grace Indonesia) and waste management from Djamal (MDPI).
At the end of the training, we are happy to report it was a really interactive training and participatory. Both the trainers and the participants had a lively discussion and question and answer sessions. MDPI and USAID SEA Project are glad to be able to conduct this fundamental SAS training for small-scale fishermen in North Maluku province.
Writer: Indah Rufiati