Fisheries Improvement Department (Pak Saut, Wildan, Allison, Timur, Juhrin, Karel, Riza and Huda) had a data validation meeting in Manado on 9 – 12 December. This regular bi-annual meeting is conducted to ensure the availability of high quality data on I-Fish database.
The meeting started by discussing the current situation and FID’s achievement within the last 6 months period and followed by data validation process based on the refined format of data validation. The participants were then divided into 3 working groups to check rigorously the data gathered from June to November 2017 and drafted a summary outlining the percentage of port sampling coverage from each location, baitfish data, bycatch data, main target fish and ETP (Endangered, Threatened or Protected (ETP) species data. The working groups found that the data sampling is already covered above 20% of data validation result and complied with the port sampling protocol.
Complementing the Data validation meeting, Pak Saut and Alison also presented some information on fisheries management, harvest strategy and basic of stock assessment in a light that the team will have sufficient knowledge in the work of data collection that meets the requirement of fish stock assessment for a sustainable fisheries.
Fish quality issues, especially at certain times of year, is prevalent across Indonesia. Poorly handled fish and high levels of histamine become the main cause of the fish quality decline. This condition has affected the fishers’ income because buyers refuse to accept lower quality fish or if they accept it, they will buy it atvery low price. In an effort to improve fish handling skills amongst small-scale handline fishers in Parigi village, North Seram, Maluku, on October 13th, MDPI under the USAID Sustainable Ecosystems Advanced (USAID SEA) Project, conducted a training of on-board fish handling attended by 44 fishers.
Staff from PT. Harta Samudera Ambon, Cindy J. Hiso and Wilson Taihuttu explained the importance of maintaining the cleanliness and the frozen chain/cold chain in the fish handling process to maintain the fish quality. The main causes of food safety hazard, they further explained, are raw material contaminants; raw material bad handling; sanitation, hygiene, health and personal skill; equipment suitability, and processing method. Poor fish handling will have high potential for Salmonella and high histamine levels.
A session on histamine testing was presented by Hanna from Bali Seafood International Laboratory (BASIL). Information about histamine and its causes is important for fishers to better understand that high levels of histamine in fish can cause bad impact to health, from skin itching to food poisoning. Five fish catch from the Parigi fishers were used as samples for histamine testing during the training. Through a quantitative trial, the histamine level identified on site was between 5.8 to 11.9 ppm (parts per million), which means that the fish tested was safe for consumption. This indicates that that potentially the fish is safe when it reaches land. However histamine issues may be occurring as fish comes into the supply chain to last processing and export.
Through this training, it I expected that fishers will understand and hone skills on good fish handling practices; that all handling areas are well maintained and clean at all times (on-board and in supplier); and that the maintenance of the cold chain is highly important.
“I am relieved to hear that our fish was proven safe for consumption through the histamine testing. When fish was observed during the training, the quality was excellent with grade A or AA. Potentially, fish quality issues occur only at the supplier level. In other words, the fishers have already been well-informed and have done their parts to maintain high quality fish,” says Alwiya Kaledupa, a member of Fair Trade Fishers Association
Furthermore, he hopes that an adequate and reliable source of ice can be maintained in Parigi to support the quality and handling approaches.
Writer: Wahyu Teguh Prawira
Fair Trade USA is different from other seafood certifications. It is not only focused on the sustainability of the resource but also supports improvements socially in the community and the supply chain. The Fair Trade USA standard considers the stakeholder relationships; the effects of fishing activity on the environment; the method of fishing; the recording of fish catches; product traceability; the factory and its workers, social standards, safety in the workplace and more.
On October 1, MDPI under the USAID Indonesian Sustainable Ecosystems Advanced (SEA) Project (USAID SEA Project) conducted Safety at Sea (SAS) & First Aid Training for Fair Trade fishermen in Pulau Bisa, Halmahera Selatan Regency, North Maluku Province. The training was held to comply with one of the Fair Trade certification compliance criteria related to ‘Occupational Health & Safety Standard’ section of the Capture Fisheries Standard. Seventy Fair Trade fishermen from 4 Fishers Association (FA) attended the training that was conducted in collaboration with the National Search and Rescue team (BASARNAS) Ternate.
The Head of Madapolo Tengah Village, Pak Hamka appreciated this activity. He emphasized the importance of safety at sea. He encouraged all fishermen to have a phone and keep it dry because now there is signal in the village so that they can keep the communication if there is a bad situation while at sea. He asked the fishermen to pay attention and to learn seriously about the safety at sea that will be presented by BASARNAS. He also told fishermen to fish “in adequate amount/not too much/enough for life”. He mentioned the importance of ETP (Endangered, Threatened & Protected) species to the ecosystem as well. He also said that fishermen must know that there are animals that are prohibited to be caught. If ETP species were human, they would say “Please don’t catch me…”
The next session was the main trainings, delivered by BASARNAS Ternate team, Pak Fahari and his team: Pak Husen and Pak Rudin. They informed us that BASARNAS Ternate was established since 2012. In the near future, they have a plan to open another post in Bacan as well.
Pak Rudin presented materials about First Aid, self-protection tool, emergency transfer technic and how to do Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). Next, Pak Husen presented about the sea survival technique, which means how to defend ourselves at the sea when there was no one else. First, what must have is the spirit to stay alive, self-readiness and the availability of the supporting tools. He stated that life vest is one of the important tools for sea survival, that’s why fishermen are encouraged to always bring it when fishing. The third topic was sea navigation by Pak Fahri that taught about mapping skill and navigation to make sure they can go home safely.
After SAS Training, it was a time to distribute certificates, life vest, first-aid boxes and Search & Rescue books to the participants. Pak Hairun as the head of Fair Trade Committee (FTC) of Pulau Bisa expressed his gratitude that the fishermen got a chance to be one of the USAID SEA Project sites with MDPI assistance. He asked the fellow fishermen to keep the environment for future generation so that their grandchildren will still be able to enjoy seafood. Pak Asril as a representative from USAID SEA emphasized about the importance of not littering while at sea because it will be dangerous for the environment and also for fishermen themselves, for example the plastic that was thrown into the sea can get stuck in the vessel propeller and cause an accident. The representative of the Obi Utara District, Pak Hamid, continued to deliver a greeting and he said that this was the first SAS training conducted in this village and he hope that the similar training will be conducted in other villages too.
Pak Asril as the representative of USAID SEA Project. Photo credit: MDPI
The next agenda was additional trainings for fishermen: Data Collection Introduction from Amrollah and Rahman (MDPI); ETP Species Awareness from Rahman (MDPI); Fish Handling Training from Ibu Mega (PT. Blue Ocean Grace Indonesia) and waste management from Djamal (MDPI).
At the end of the training, we are happy to report it was a really interactive training and participatory. Both the trainers and the participants had a lively discussion and question and answer sessions. MDPI and USAID SEA Project are glad to be able to conduct this fundamental SAS training for small-scale fishermen in North Maluku province.
Writer: Indah Rufiati
Last month during four days of meetings in Bogor, Indonesia made progress towards developing a harvest strategy for its tuna fisheries.
Before we dive into what happened in the meetings, let’s review what a harvest strategy is. In brief, “Harvest strategies are pre-agreed upon frameworks for making fisheries management decisions, such as setting quotas,” (Pew Trust). According to the Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, “A harvest strategy is a framework that specifies pre-determined management actions for a defined species necessary to achieve the agreed ecological, economic and/or social objectives.” The aim of a harvest strategy (like most fisheries management tools) is to maintain commercial fish stocks at environmentally sustainable levels and to maximise the economic returns.
Harvest strategies generally involve a monitoring program, a stock assessment method, reference points (or other fishery indicators), and harvest control rules. There can be many different harvest strategies based on these data, analyses, and chosen management options. To compare these potential harvest strategies, simulations are run to compare the likely performance of each strategy. This helps guide the process of harvest strategy development.
To learn more, visit: www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/issue-briefs/2015/06/harvest-strategies-the-next-phase-of-fisheries-management or https://www.daf.qld.gov.au/fisheries/sustainable-fisheries-strategy/harvest-strategy.
Moving Toward a Harvest Strategy
The technical meeting brought together scientists from the government, Australia, WCPFC (The Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission), and a few NGOs to discuss progress and potential harvest strategies. It has taken a long time to even reach this point, because Indonesia’s fisheries are data-poor, and it is difficult to develop potential harvest strategies when data is limited. However, time series data collected by WPEA (West Pacific East Asia Project), SDI (Sumber Daya Ikan), CSIRO and MDPI, have helped produce adequate data to feed into Indonesia’s Harvest Strategy Management Startegy Evaluation process. This potential harvest strategy is still in development and has been a combined effort by the Indonesian government with help from Australian scientists at CSIRO (The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation), WCPFC, MDPI and others. As the process, which is ongoing since 2014, has now completed its development phase and aims to move into implementation phase in 2018 and beyond, we were delighted to hear that CSIRO will kick off a 4 year project focused on Harvest Strategy and Management Strategy Evaluation process for Indonesia.
At the stakeholder meeting, the scientists’ findings were presented along with a draft framework for an interim harvest strategy. This interim measure will encourage data collection to continue, which will allow for the refinement of potential harvest strategies and the development of Harvest Control Rules.
Overall the meeting was a positive and informative experience. The government emphasized the importance of collaboration moving forward in order to develop effective harvest strategy. MDPI will continue to support these efforts with our data and participation, as we continue to work toward happy people and many fish!
Writer: Allison Stocks
The 6th Data Management Committee (DMC) was held on Thursday, November 16 at Hotel Neo El Tari, Kupang. The participants were representatives from Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Ikan Direktorat Jendral Perikanan Tangkap Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan (PSDI DJPT KKP), Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan (DKP) Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) Province, DKP Belu Regency, DKP Alor Regency, Pelabuhan Perikanan Pantai (PPP) Tenau, Pangkalan Pendaratan Ikan (PPI) Oeba, Head of (Pengawas Sumber Daya Keluatan dan Perikanan) PSDKP Kupang Station, Badan Pemerintah Daerah (BAPPEDA) Kupang, Komandan Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI) Angkatan Laut (AL) VII Kupang, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kupang, Universitas Kristen Artha Wacana, Politeknik Kelautan dan Perikanan Kupang, CV. Era Charlie Pranata, UD. Tunas Harapan, PT. Primo Indo Ikan, The Nature Conservation (TNC), Asosiasi Pengusaha Pole and Line Handline Indonesia (AP2HI), Himpunan Nelayan Seluruh Indonesia (HNSI), Wild Conservation Society (WCS) Lamakera and fishermen. This DMC was facilitated by MDPI.
The first presentation was delivered by PSDI DJPT KKP, discussing the results of the FAD (Fish Aggregating Device) management workshop and the harvest strategy national plan. The workshops described have made suggestions on appropriate management approaches and here are some which are currently on the table for discussion: proposed restrictions on the use of FADs; closure of some spawning areas; the management of the number of days of fishing operations and limiting the number of operating vessels. In addition, a simulation was conducted on how to fill in the FAD registration. The simulation was to anticipate the proposed FAD Amnesty. The proposed FAD Amnesty aims to support Indonesia to conduct a mass data gathering on numbers of FADs active in Indonesian waters. The participants gave several inputs to the PSDI such as: to use 1 form for each FAD because the construction of FAD can be different from one to another although they are owned by the same person.
The session which followed reviewed the duties and functions of the DMC during the six meetings that have been conducted, whether it is working properly or not. The function of DMC are: designing the technical strategy of data collection of catch result of each vessel in WPP 573, 713 and 714; analyzing and processing the catch data, reporting the result of data analysis and processing, giving suggestion and recommendation that can be used as a reference of management policy especially for tuna and tuna like species.
Here are the following points that were discussed in the DMC:
- Whether the DMC approach needs to be revised in order to maximize the role of DMC.
- Future DMC financials: how to ensure the sustainability of DMCs by identifying ways of having budgets to cover future meetings aiming towards moving
- Data presentation from MDPI (January – November 2017).
- Data presentation from TNC and Hatfield about the use of Crew Operated Data Recording System (CODRS) on fishing ground data where fishermen were equipped with spot trace to know the location of the fishing ground during the fishing trip; scale to measure the fish; camera as the documentation when fishermen put the fish on the scale and the incentive for fishermen for participating in the data collection.
- Research Presentation from Universitas Kristen Artha Wacana.
- Research Presentation from Universitas Muhammadiyah Kupang.
And here are the next 6 months plan of the DMC:
- Resocialization related to the vessel registration.
- Need data on tuna and tuna like species from other DMC members, industry should start committing to submissions
- To identify what data is needed by the MMAF and ensure the DMC is aligned with this
- Identifying ways to support fishermen’s needs on weather forecasts before they go fishing.
The event was closed by the head of DMC, Pak Ernes D. Hamel, who hoped that the DMC members will be more actively involved, especially from the industry and fishermen who are the source of the data. He also hoped that other DMC members will also present their data because the DMC is the place where multi stakeholders meet and discuss the data in their region.
Writer: Alief Dharmawan
The MDPI Fair Trade (FT) Department held an internal capacity building for 5 days from October 17 – 21 in Yogyakarta. The purpose of this activity was to increase staff knowledge on how other organizations implementing the Fair Trade Program conduct their work and to gain some inspiration on how to do our job (even) better 😉!!. There were 3 Fair Trade implementers in Yogyakarta that we visited there: APIKRI Yogyakarta, Koperasi Karmatera and the owner of CV. Inagro Jinawi. Two of these organizations are following the Fair Trade International standards, whereas the third described below follows the Fair Trade USA standard, similar to MDPI.
APIKIRI (Asosiasi Pengembangan Industri Kerajinan Rakyat Indonesia) is a Fair Trade organization that combines community development and market development for small-scale handicraft industry. It was established in 1987 and has at least 1,000 craftspeople all over Yogyakarta. APIKRI helped the craftspeople in promotion, quality improvement, packaging and shipment. Handicrafts produced by the craftspeople will be marketed to foreign countries by APIKRI. With the assistance of APIKRI, now the craftspeople understand the importance of product quality and marketing continuity.
The second institution we visited was Koperasi Simpan Pinjam Karya Manunggal Sejahtera (KSP Karmatera), located in Hargorojo Village, Bagelen District, Purworejo Regency. It was established in 2015 and currently has 456 members from 14 coconut sugar farmer groups in Kulonprogo, Magelang and Purworejo. From the sales of coconut sugar, 30% will be set aside for environmental programs and 70% will be used for community development and the improvement of production standards. From their Fair Trade activities, producers already have a decent kitchen in their homes, equipped with trash bins.
Last but not least, the MDPI Fair Trade team met with Ibu Setyastuti, the owner of CV. Inagro Jinawi. Companies that are also engaged in the coconut sugar industry and has been able to help many of their farmers in the improvement of production standards such as kitchen improvement and chimney development so that smoke does not billow in the house.
The MDPI Fair Trade Team learnt a lot during this visits and it was a good opportunity for us to get new insights on other Fair Trade implementation. Hopefully, with this capacity building activity, we can be more innovative in running our own Fair Trade Program. Our big thanks to all of the organizations in Yogyakarta who host us and allowed us to learn from them.
Writer: Arroyan Suwarno
MDPI sites are >1 Ton of Garbage cleaner (1,077 Kgs lifted from the beaches across our sites) 😊
We’ve got some amazing stories and pictures to share to you from across our field sites…
MDPI celebrated World Fisheries Day by conducting several events in our sites across Eastern Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara Barat, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Maluku, Maluku Utara, Sulawesi Selatan and Sulawesi Utara). The main event was a coordinated beach clean-up activity with additional events such as: miniature boat building competition, drawing competition, cooking competition and rowing boat competition.
The beach clean-up activities were conducted in 5 sites with a total of 335 participants ranging from kids to adults and here is the detail of beach clean-up activity from each site:
Additional activities were conducted 6 sites and here is the detail of various activities from each site:
In total, there were 663 participants who celebrated this year’s World Fisheries Day with MDPI. Since the participants of the beach clean-ups were so enthusiastic in their effort of making their own beaches clean, we are planning to conduct the same event again regularly and in the near future! It is very important to spread the awareness about the importance of not littering in the sea. Hopefully, our activities will inspire others and will make them realize how beautiful their beaches are without garbage!
MDPI would like to thank all of the participants and all MDPI field team who organized the event and made this event a success. Check out more photos on MDPI Facebook Page
Coral transplantation in Buru, Maluku. Photo credit: MDPI
Beach clean-up in Sangihe, Sulawesi Utara. Photo credit: MDPI
Miniature boat building competition in Bone, Sulawesi Selatan. Photo credit: MDPI
Writer: Indah Rufiati
The United States Agency for International Development’s Oceans and Fisheries Partnership (USAID Oceans), in collaboration with MDPI has a purpose to work collaboratively in reducing illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing. This partnership also aims to establish an innovative system for promoting sustainable fisheries and marine biodiversity conservation. We will also promote a fair and ethical supply chain on small-scale tuna fisheries in Indonesia. The activities will focus primarily on developing and implementing technologies in two supply chains to actively collect fishery data and supply chain that meet international standards and Key Data Elements (KDE) specifically to Catch Documentation and Traceability/CDT). In addition, this partnership will also focus on strengthening fisheries management with coordination between national and provincial governments as well as other stakeholders.
One of main steps to strengthening the tuna fishery management is by improving the data availability, a fundamental factor for enhancing decision making in fisheries management. MDPI, as the sustainable fishery implementing partner, focusing on small-scale handline tuna fishery, conducted the basic training on data collection in Manado, Sulawesi Utara, from October 31 – November 3. The participants of the training were the new field teams who will be assigned in Calaca, Manado and Santiago, Tahuna District, Kepulauan Sangihe, Sulawesi Utara: Rui Xavier Nunez, Novita A. Wulandari, Safludin Lagio, Bambang Ali Akbar, Maghelhais Takalamingan, and Antonius Ado Witin. The training materials were delivered by A. Riza Baroqy, Putra Satria Timur, Hamonangan Simanjuntak, Teguh Wahyu Prawira, Stephani Mangunsong and Ida Ayu Adnyani.
Training Day 1
As always we started with an introduction session between the current MDPI staff and the new staff, followed by a pre-test about basic theory of fisheries sustainability and the importance of data collection (beware teams, we are watching if you’re taking everything in!! 😊). The training emphasized that data is the main basis for sustainable fisheries management that will become an output in the form of scientifically informed policies and regulations. On the flip-side if the data collection is done incorrectly, it will produce the wrong analysis too and it won’t be able to be a basis of good decision making.
Training Day 2
The materials included fish identification, ETP (Endangered, Threatened and Protected) species, and baitfish species. In the data collection, fish identification skills must be mastered by the enumerators. There are two ways in identifying fish: morphologically and anatomically. Morphologically means that it can be seen from the shape of head, eye size, body shape, caudal fin shape, operculum shape, pectoral fin size, and color. On the other hand, anatomically can be seen from the shape and size of the liver and the size of the swim bladder. After obtaining a theory about the basic technic of fish identification, participants were given a test to identify various types of fish that are commonly caught by handline tuna fishermen. The most difficult species to distinguish are the juvenile of yellow fin with the juvenile of big eye tuna as both have very similar morphology.
In the introduction of ETP species, we were given the information about the species that are protected by the law and are prohibited to catch such as sea turtle, manta ray, oceanic whitetip shark, hammerhead shark, whale shark, thresher shark and all kinds of marine mammals.
The next session was about baitfish that are often used by handline fishermen: squid, flying fish, tuna, artificial baitfish, and others. Baitfish information is important to know the baitfish use pattern for fishermen and the role of baitfish ecologically… is the tuna fishery negatively impacting another stock through high bait usage or by using bait which may be coming from an overfished fishery. WE are not sure and this is exactly why data collection is important to begin to answer these questions.
The second day of training was closed by the simulation on how to interview fishermen so that the participants will get a clear picture about any characters of fishermen in the field and how to approach them.
Training Day 3
On the third day, the material that was presented was about PDS (Pelagic Data System) and vessel documentation. PDS is a tool to provide data and information about more detailed fishing location. This tool can provide information of the locations passed by a fishermen’s vessel during his/her fishing trip. Thus, this tool can be used as a traceability documentation of the fishing ground, which is a requirement in exporting fish. In addition, the vessel document is also one of the requirements of traceability, as a proof that the fish originates from a legal fishing vessel. Both of these documents are very important tools to against IUU Fishing.
In this final day of training, all theory in the class was continued by on the field practice. All of participants and the trainers visited the landing site in Muara Sungai Tondano, Manado. We found 1 fisherman conducting fish unloading, so we were able to approach him and conducted the data collection: measuring the fish length, fish identification and interviewing the fisherman.
We are thrilled to have some new additions to the MDPI field team and we are ready to kick off the programs in Sangihe and Manado, Sulawesi Utara 🙂
Writers: Antonius Ado Witin and Maghelhais Takalamingan
MDPI Contributes to Sustainable Fisheries Exhibition Held by Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan (DKP) Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT)
In order to commemorate independence day of Indonesia, DKP NTT held a n exhibition at Lasiana, Kupang City on August 10 – 19. MDPI was asked to provide informative posters about I-Fish data and on the MDPI profile, as well as videos about I-Fish.
MDPI staff in Kupang, Alief and Rui, were assigned to be in the booth created by DKP to share information about MDPI programs and activities to the visitors of the exhibition. We explained to them about how to get, to collect and to store data of tuna fisheries in the I-Fish system. We described that I – Fish is a fishery information system for data collection of tuna and skipjack in Indonesia. It is accessible to fishermen and stakeholders such as government, universities, organizations, industry and experts. The data entry process is conducted by enumerators in every site of MDPI. This system was originally developed in 2012 by the IMACS project of USAID Indonesia and is in a process of refining and development to this day.
In addition, we also had a brief discussion with the Head of CaptureFisheries, Bapak Ernesh D. Hamel. The discussion centred on a plan to create a video about data collection through collaborative process between DKP NTT and MDPI. DKP NTT really appreciates the involvement of collaborators such as MDPI in this exhibition and hopefully we will be able to participate in the similar events in NTT to increase the awareness about data collection and sustainable fisheries to a broader audience in NTT and in Indonesia.
Writer: Alief Dharmawan
On September 7, MDPI held a fish handling training for small-scale fishermen in Bone. This training was conducted in collaboration with Politeknik Perikanan Bone and Bali Seafood Laboratory. This activity was attended by 28 fishermen and suppliers. Among the guests were Mr. Febian Budianto, Kepala Seksi (Section Chief) of SDI (Sumber Daya Ikan/Fishery Resource) DKP (Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan) Sulawesi Selatan Province, also the secretary of DMC (Data Management Committee) Sulawesi Selatan Province and Mr. Anwar Yusran, the secretary of DKP Bone Regency. The training was conducted at the house of Mr. Puang Andi Jahi, one of the suppliers in Bone.
Recently, fishermen and suppliers in Bone became aware that their fish on occasion suffers from low quality and of course this has the potential to affect their income. For that reason, we conducted a fish handling training for them so that they will have comprehensive knowledge about how to maintain good quality of fish.
Mr. Febian Budianto expressed his appreciation to MDPI who facilitated this activity in his opening speech. He said that this training is one of the most important trainings for people who work in fishery industry, especially for small-scale fishermen who rely predominantly on their income from the fishing activity for their daily needs. If the fish is well maintained, it will automatically increase the price of the fish and hopefully it will improve fishermen welfare as well.
The following topics were covered by the training:
- Fish handling onboard and how to maintain the frozen supply chain, by Mr. Muhammad Masykur, S.STPi., M.ST.Pi. In this session, it is explained about how to handle fish on board in good way, such as how to lift the freshly caught fish and move it into the vessel, how to arrange fish in the vessel hold (palka), etc. Details on all requirements on how to follow international standards on food safety were also shared.
- Histamine tests on tuna and skipjack tuna, were conducted by Miss Hana from Bali Seafood Laboratory. Test results identified that tuna and skipjack tuna in Bone during the training were all good for consumption, based on Europe and The US standard: histamine level < 40 ppm (parts per million) and 50 ppm.
- Traceability and market requirements, by Teguh, MDPI Supply Chain team. In this session, fishermen were given the understanding that the international consumer requests and international bodies regulate for fish that is non IUU (Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated) and can be traced. Traceability is also important because if there is contaminants in the fish, it can be easily to trace who is the producer, who is the processor, etc.
Discussions and a lively question and answer session followed. Most of the fishermen were not shy to ask about the topics they didn’t understand yet. To enliven the activity, there were some tumblers and spikes as the spot prize for fishermen who can answer quizzes correctly. Tumblers and spikes are tolls which will help the fishers to further enhance the quality of the fish. Great excitement was experienced during the quiz, such competitive fishermen in Bone! MDPI is glad to conduct this activity and hopefully more fishermen will adhere to the best practice of fish handling they received.
Writers: Sahril and A. Riza Baroqi